Growth of praseodymium oxide on Si(111) under oxygen-deficient conditions

Autor(en): Schaefer, A.
Zielasek, V.
Schmidt, Th.
Sandell, A.
Schowalter, M.
Seifarth, O.
Walle, L. E.
Schulz, Ch.
Wollschlaeger, J.
Schroeder, T.
Rosenauer, A.
Falta, J.
Baeumer, M.
Stichwörter: DIFFRACTION; EPITAXIAL-GROWTH; FILM FORMATION; HIGH-K DIELECTRICS; INITIAL-STAGES; INTERFACE; LATTICE OXYGEN; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Physics; Physics, Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter; PR2O3; SPECTRA; STEPPED SURFACES
Erscheinungsdatum: 2009
Herausgeber: AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Enthalten in: PHYSICAL REVIEW B
Band: 80
Ausgabe: 4
Zusammenfassung: 
Surface science studies of thin praseodymium oxide films grown on silicon substrates are of high interest in view of applications in such different fields as microelectronics and heterogeneous catalysis. In particular, a detailed characterization of the growth and the final structure of the films are mandatory to achieve a fundamental understanding of such topics as oxygen mobility and defect structure, and their role for the electronic and chemical properties. In this paper, the MBE growth of praseodymium oxide films on Si(111) substrates was investigated at low-deposition rates (0.06 nm/min) and low-oxygen partial pressures (p(O-2)<1 x 10(-10) mbar). To obtain insight into the structure and chemical composition of the growing film, spot profile analyzing low-energy electron diffraction (SPA-LEED), transmission electron microscopy, and synchrotron radiation-based x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) were applied. SPA-LEED reveals the formation of an initial closed layer followed by continuous roughening and formation of ordered three-dimensional structures. This result is in contrast to observations at higher-deposition rates, were a layer-by-layer growth was reported. XAS and XPS provide evidence that a continuous reaction takes place in the growing Pr2O3 film leading to the formation of silicate and silicide structures within the film. Combining all data, a consistent picture of the deposition of praseodymium oxide on Si(111) emerges which clearly shows that in contrast to higher-throughput molecular beam epitaxy conditions the reactivity of the growing film strongly influences the growth behavior at low-deposition rates and low pressures.
ISSN: 24699950
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.045414

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