Gadolinium as an accelerator for reaching thermal equilibrium and its influence on the ground state of Dy2GdN@C-80 single-molecule magnets

Autor(en): Kostanyan, Aram 
Schlesier, Christin 
Westerstrom, Rasmus 
Dreiser, Jan 
Fritz, Fabian 
Buechner, Bernd
Popov, Alexey A. 
Piamonteze, Cinthia
Greber, Thomas
Stichwörter: ANISOTROPY; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Physics; Physics, Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter; RAY CIRCULAR-DICHROISM
Erscheinungsdatum: 2021
Herausgeber: AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Journal: PHYSICAL REVIEW B
Volumen: 103
Ausgabe: 1
Zusammenfassung: 
Endohedral fullerenes are perfect nanolaboratories for the study of magnetism. The substitution of a diamagnetic scandium atom in Dy2ScN@C-80 with gadolinium decreases the stability of a given magnetization and demonstrates Gd to act as a single atom catalyst that accelerates the reaching of thermal equilibrium. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism at the M-4,M-5 edges of Gd and Dy shows that Gd affects the ground state. The Gd magnetic moment follows the sum of the external and the dipolar magnetic field of the two Dy ions and compared to Dy2ScN@C-80 a lower exchange barrier is found between the ferromagnetic and the antiferromagnetic Dy configuration. The Arrhenius equilibration barrier as obtained from superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry is more than one order of magnitude larger, though a much smaller prefactor imposes the faster equilibration in Dy2GdN@C-80. This sheds light on the importance of angular momentum balance and symmetry in magnetic relaxation.
ISSN: 24699950
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.103.014404

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