Scientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCardoso, Pedro
dc.contributor.authorBarton, Philip S.
dc.contributor.authorBirkhofer, Klaus
dc.contributor.authorChichorro, Filipe
dc.contributor.authorDeacon, Charl
dc.contributor.authorFartmann, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorFukushima, Caroline S.
dc.contributor.authorGaigher, Rene
dc.contributor.authorHabel, Jan C.
dc.contributor.authorHallmann, Caspar A.
dc.contributor.authorHill, Matthew J.
dc.contributor.authorHochkirch, Axel
dc.contributor.authorKwak, Mackenzie L.
dc.contributor.authorMammola, Stefano
dc.contributor.authorNoriega, Jorge Ari
dc.contributor.authorOrfinger, Alexander B.
dc.contributor.authorPedraza, Fernando
dc.contributor.authorPryke, James S.
dc.contributor.authorRoque, Fabio O.
dc.contributor.authorSettele, Josef
dc.contributor.authorSimaika, John P.
dc.contributor.authorStork, Nigel E.
dc.contributor.authorSuhling, Frank
dc.contributor.authorVorster, Carlien
dc.contributor.authorSamways, Michael J.
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:24:15Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:24:15Z-
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn00063207
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/14826-
dc.description.abstractHere we build on the manifesto `World Scientists' Warning to Humanity, issued by the Alliance of World Scientists. As a group of conservation biologists deeply concerned about the decline of insect populations, we here review what we know about the drivers of insect extinctions, their consequences, and how extinctions can negatively impact humanity. We are causing insect extinctions by driving habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation, use of polluting and harmful substances, the spread of invasive species, global climate change, direct overexploitation, and co-extinction of species dependent on other species. With insect extinctions, we lose much more than species. We lose abundance and biomass of insects, diversity across space and time with consequent homogenization, large parts of the tree of life, unique ecological functions and traits, and fundamental parts of extensive networks of biotic interactions. Such losses lead to the decline of key ecosystem services on which humanity depends. From pollination and decomposition, to being resources for new medicines, habitat quality indication and many others, insects provide essential and irreplaceable services. We appeal for urgent action to close key knowledge gaps and curb insect extinctions. An investment in research programs that generate local, regional and global strategies that counter this trend is essential. Solutions are available and implementable, but urgent action is needed now to match our intentions.
dc.description.sponsorshipKoneen Saatiii; McIntire -Stennis Program from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture; University of Zurich Research Priority Program on `Global Change and Biodiversity'; Mondi Group; Pedro Cardoso, Filipe Chichorro, and Caroline Fukushima are supported by Koneen Saatiii. Alexander B. Orfinger is supported by the McIntire -Stennis Program from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Fernando Pedraza is supported by the University of Zurich Research Priority Program on `Global Change and Biodiversity'. Charl Deacon, Rend Gaigher, James Pryke, Carlien Vorster and Michael Samways are supported by Mondi Group. Study sponsors had no role or influence in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
dc.relation.ispartofBIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION
dc.subjectArthropods
dc.subjectBiodiversity & Conservation
dc.subjectBiodiversity Conservation
dc.subjectBiodiversity loss
dc.subjectBRITISH BUTTERFLIES
dc.subjectCentinelan extinctions
dc.subjectCLIMATE-CHANGE
dc.subjectCONSERVATION
dc.subjectDrivers of extinction
dc.subjectEcology
dc.subjectECONOMIC VALUE
dc.subjectECOSYSTEM SERVICES
dc.subjectEnvironmental Sciences
dc.subjectEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subjectFINE SEDIMENT
dc.subjectFLEAS INSECTA
dc.subjectHABITAT QUALITY
dc.subjectSPECIES-DIVERSITY
dc.subjectSTAG BEETLE
dc.subjectThreatened species
dc.titleScientists' warning to humanity on insect extinctions
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108426
dc.identifier.isiISI:000517855100031
dc.description.volume242
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-8377-2211
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0001-8119-9960
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dc.contributor.orcid0000-0003-4601-2739
dc.contributor.researcheridA-6400-2010
dc.contributor.researcheridA-8820-2008
dc.contributor.researcheridA-4092-2008
dc.contributor.researcheridI-1518-2019
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dc.contributor.researcheridAAA-2374-2021
dc.contributor.researcheridH-2112-2019
dc.contributor.researcheridX-3635-2018
dc.identifier.eissn18732917
dc.publisher.placeTHE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationBiol. Conserv.
dcterms.oaStatushybrid, Green Accepted, Green Published
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-2050-9221-
crisitem.author.netidFaTh573-
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