The paradoxical effect of praise and blame: Age-related differences

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKaspar, K.
dc.contributor.authorStelz, H.
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:30:32Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:30:32Z-
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.issn18410413
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/16625-
dc.description.abstractBlame and praise sometimes have a seemingly paradoxical effect: blame after failure sometimes leads to the impression that the recipient has a high ability. In contrast, praise after success can lead to an inference of low ability. Several studies showed this effect and its relation to concurrent sympathy ratings as well as to cognitive schemas underlying these estimations. The present study is the first to focus on differences across the adult lifespan regarding peoples' ability and sympathy estimations of praised or blamed individuals. In this context, the causal schemas underlying peoples' judgments were also investigated. The results show that seemingly paradoxical ability estimations were independent of age in contrast to reversed ability estimations (i.e., a praised individual is perceived as more capable than a blamed individual) decreasing with age. Moreover, age affected the estimation of a teacher's sympathy for blamed and praised students in terms of a universal decrease with age. Finally, exclusive ability-related causal schemas were primarily used by older people and facilitated the occurrence of seemingly paradoxical ability estimations. The results provide a first base for future research on this largely neglected topic.
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.ispartofEurope's Journal of Psychology
dc.subjectAge differences
dc.subjectBlame
dc.subjectCausal schema
dc.subjectParadoxical ability estimations
dc.subjectPraise
dc.titleThe paradoxical effect of praise and blame: Age-related differences
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.5964/ejop.v9i2.540
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-84878454724
dc.identifier.urlhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84878454724&doi=10.5964%2fejop.v9i2.540&partnerID=40&md5=4e9bd7533335584f707ded0b6aabf34a
dc.description.volume9
dc.description.issue2
dc.description.startpage304
dc.description.endpage318
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationEurop. J. Psychol.
crisitem.author.netidKaKa001-
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