Decay of spin-spin correlations in disordered quantum and classical spin chains

Autor(en): Richter, Jonas
Schubert, Dennis
Steinigeweg, Robin 
Stichwörter: ABSENCE; BREAKDOWN; CHAOS; DIFFUSION; HYDRODYNAMICS; MANY-BODY LOCALIZATION; Physics; Physics, Multidisciplinary; THERMALIZATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Herausgeber: AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Journal: PHYSICAL REVIEW RESEARCH
Volumen: 2
Ausgabe: 1
Zusammenfassung: 
The real-time dynamics of equal-site correlation functions is studied for one-dimensional spin models with quenched disorder. Focusing on infinite temperature, we present a comparison between the dynamics of models with different quantum numbers S = 1/2, 1, 3/2, as well as of chains consisting of classical spins. Based on this comparison as well as by analyzing the statistics of energy-level spacings, we show that the putative many-body localization transition is shifted to considerably stronger values of disorder for increasing S. In this context, we introduce an effective disorder strength W-eff, which provides a mapping between the dynamics for different spin quantum numbers. For small W-eff, we show that the real-time correlations become essentially independent of S, and are moreover very well captured by the dynamics of classical spins. Especially for S = 3/2, the agreement between quantum and classical dynamics is remarkably observed even for very strong values of disorder. This behavior also reflects itself in the corresponding spectral functions, which are obtained via a Fourier transform from the time to the frequency domain. As an aside, we also comment on the self-averaging properties of the correlation function at weak and strong disorder. Our work sheds light on the correspondence between quantum and classical dynamics at high temperatures and extends our understanding of the dynamics in disordered spin chains beyond the well-studied case of S = 1/2.
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.013130

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