On the structural diversity anions coordinate to the butterfly-shaped [(R2Sn)(3)O(OH)(2)](2+) cations and vice versa

Autor(en): Reuter, Hans 
Wilberts, Hilko
Stichwörter: carbonates; Chemistry; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; COMPLEX; coordination behavior; CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES; diorganotin(IV) compounds; HYDROGEN-BONDS; hydrolysis products; iodides; LIGANDS; MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE; ORGANOTIN COMPOUNDS; STANNASILOXANE; STATE; structure determination; TERT-BUTYLTIN OXIDE; TIN
Erscheinungsdatum: 2014
Volumen: 92
Ausgabe: 6
Startseite: 496
Seitenende: 507
The syntheses and crystal structures of [(t-Bu2Sn)(3)O(OH)(2)]CO3 center dot 3MeOH, 1a, [(t-Bu2Sn)(3)O(OH)(2)]CO3 center dot 3H(2)O center dot acetone, 1b, [(t-Bu2Sn)(3)O(OH)(2)][I](2)center dot[(t-Bu2Sn(OH)I](2)center dot 2DMSO, 1c, and [(Cy2Sn)(3)O(OH)(2)][I](2)center dot 2DMSO, 2a, all containing the trinuclear [(R2Sn)(3)O(OH)(2)](2+) ion have been described. The butterfly shape of this cation is derived from two annulated, four-membered tin-oxygen rings with a central mu(3)-oxygen atom and trigonal-bipyramidally coordinated tin atom both belonging to both rings and two mu(2)-hydroxyl groups and two outer, four-fold coordinated tin atoms. In 1a and 1b, the carbonate anions interact with the outer tin atoms of the cations as bidentate chelating ligands in the classical syn-syn coordination mode, and vice versa. In this way, both outer tin atoms expand their coordination sphere from four to five, with the consequence that bond angles and lengths within the cation are determined by the axial and equatorial position of the oxygen atoms within the trigonal-bipyramidal coordination on all three tin atoms. 1c consists of two different building units, an up to now unknown hydroxide iodide of composition [(t-Bu2Sn(OH)I](2) with hydrogen-bonded DMSO molecules and a [(t-Bu2Sn)(3)O(OH)(2)](2+) cation with one coordinated and one isolated, via hydrogen bonds connected iodine ion. The hydroxide iodine is built up of two five-fold coordinated tin atoms linked via two hydroxyl groups with exocyclic iodine atoms occupying axial positions at the trigonal-biypramidally coordinated tin atoms. The unprecedented coordination of the iodine ion to the [(t-Bu2Sn)(3)O(OH)(2)](2+) cation takes place between both outer tin atoms, resulting in a five-fold, trigonal-bipyramidal coordination at these tin atoms, too. Structural parameters within the so-formed [(t-Bu2Sn)(3)O(OH)(2)I](+) complex are very similar to those of 1a and 1b, with the exception of a significant lengthening of the tin-oxygen bonds opposite to the bridging iodine atom. 2a represents the first example of the [(R2Sn)(3)O(OH)(2)](2+) cation without R = t-butyl, so far. In the solid, it consists of two crystallographic independent [(Cy2Sn)(3)O(OH)(2)][I](2) building units, each connected to two DMSO molecules via hydrogen bonds. Both building units are very similar with respect to their conformation. Each of the iodine anions coordinates with only one of the two outer tin atoms, one in an inwards, one in an outwards to the tin-oxygen framework directed position. These tin atoms are therefore also trigonal-bipyramidally coordinated as in 1a-1c, but because of steric reasons one of the trigonal-bipyramids has changed its orientation within the tin-oxygen framework, accompanied by enormous changes of bond lengths and angles therein.
ISSN: 00084042
DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2013-0517

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