The Elusive General Factor of Personality: The Acquaintance Effect

Autor(en): Gnambs, Timo
Stichwörter: ACCURACY; BIG 5; Big Five; general factor; HIGHER-ORDER FACTORS; length of acquaintance; meta-analysis; METAANALYSIS; MULTIMETHOD DATA; multitrait multimethod; Psychology; Psychology, Social; RATINGS; SELF-OTHER AGREEMENT; TRAITS; VALIDATION; VALIDITY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Herausgeber: WILEY
Journal: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY
Volumen: 27
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 507
Seitenende: 520
Zusammenfassung: 
A general factor (g(p)) at the apex of personality has been suggested to account for the correlations between the Big Five. Although the g(p) has received ample support from monomethod studies, results from studies incorporating different methods have remained rather ambiguous; some have identified a g(p) across different informants, whereas others have not. It was hypothesized that these divergent findings are a result of varying lengths of acquaintance between raters. To this end, the current study presents a multitrait multi-informant meta-analysis (total N=11941) that found weak support for a g(p) as a substantive trait of personality. Evidence for a g(p) was susceptible to the length of acquaintance between informants. Although a g(p) could be identified for short-term acquaintances, it remained elusive at long-term acquaintance. Thus, the g(p) in other ratings more likely reflects normative ratings of an average individual rather than ratings of the specific target person. Copyright (c) 2013 European Association of Personality Psychology
ISSN: 08902070
DOI: 10.1002/per.1933

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