A THEORY OF SELF-REGULATION - ACTION VERSUS STATE ORIENTATION, SELF-DISCRIMINATION, AND SOME APPLICATIONS

Autor(en): KUHL, J 
Stichwörter: LEARNED HELPLESSNESS; Psychology; Psychology, Applied
Erscheinungsdatum: 1992
Herausgeber: PSYCHOLOGY PRESS
Journal: APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY-AN INTERNATIONAL REVIEW-PSYCHOLOGIE APPLIQUEE-REVUE INTERNATIONALE
Volumen: 41
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 97
Seitenende: 129
Zusammenfassung: 
This article summarises theory and research concerning mental activities that are dissociated from an individual's current self-chosen intention. Unlike other uncontrollable (''automatic'') processes, these activities place heavy demands on limited-capacity resources. Individual differences in the disposition to have uncontrollable dissociations are discussed in terms of the personality construct action vs. state orientation. Three nested theories are described that purport to provide a deeper understanding of intentionally uncontrollable mental cognitions. The scope of behavioural effects of unintended cognitions is substantially enlarged by integrating the theory of state orientation in a comprehensive theory of self-regulation. Proximal and distal antecedents of uncontrollable cognitions can be better understood on the basis of a theory of self-discrimination that explains state-oriented dissociations on the basis of false internalisation of others' beliefs, wishes, and expectations. Educational, clinical, and organisational applications of the theory are discussed.
ISSN: 0269994X
DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-0597.1992.tb00688.x

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