Developmental changes in natural viewing behavior: bottom-up and top-down differences between children, young adults and older adults

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorAcik, Alper
dc.contributor.authorSarwary, Adjmal
dc.contributor.authorSchultze-Kraft, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorOnat, Selim
dc.contributor.authorKoenig, Peter
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T15:56:56Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T15:56:56Z-
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.issn16641078
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/2616-
dc.description.abstractDespite the growing interest in fixation selection under natural conditions, there is a major gap in the literature concerning its developmental aspects. Early in life, bottom-up processes, such as local image feature - color, luminance contrast etc. - guided viewing, might be prominent but later overshadowed by more top-down processing. Moreover, with decline in visual functioning in old age, bottom-up processing is known to suffer. Here we recorded eye movements of 7- to 9-year-old children, 19- to 27-year-old adults, and older adults above 72 years of age while they viewed natural and complex images before performing a patch-recognition task. Task performance displayed the classical inverted U-shape, with young adults outperforming the other age groups. Fixation discrimination performance of local feature values dropped with age. Whereas children displayed the highest feature values at fixated points, suggesting a bottom-up mechanism, older adult viewing behavior was less feature-dependent, reminiscent of a top-down strategy. Importantly, we observed a double dissociation between children and elderly regarding the effects of active viewing on feature-related viewing: Explorativeness correlated with feature-related viewing negatively in young age, and positively in older adults. The results indicate that, with age, bottom-up fixation selection loses strength and/or the role of top-down processes becomes more important. Older adults who increase their feature-related viewing by being more explorative make use of this low-level information and perform better in the task. The present study thus reveals an important developmental change in natural and task-guided viewing.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
dc.relation.ispartofFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
dc.subjectAGE
dc.subjectage differences
dc.subjectdevelopment
dc.subjecteye movements
dc.subjectFIXATION
dc.subjectGAZE ALLOCATION
dc.subjectLIFE-SPAN
dc.subjectLUMINANCE-CONTRAST
dc.subjectnatural scenes
dc.subjectovert attention
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
dc.subjectSACCADIC EYE-MOVEMENTS
dc.subjectSCENE ANALYSIS
dc.subjectSELECTIVE ATTENTION
dc.subjectSTATISTICS
dc.subjectVISUAL-ATTENTION
dc.titleDevelopmental changes in natural viewing behavior: bottom-up and top-down differences between children, young adults and older adults
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00207
dc.identifier.isiISI:000208849100104
dc.description.volume1
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0003-3654-5267
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-4782-5603
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-9706-4662
dc.contributor.researcheridAAH-2965-2020
dc.contributor.researcheridABB-2380-2020
dc.publisher.placeAVENUE DU TRIBUNAL FEDERAL 34, LAUSANNE, CH-1015, SWITZERLAND
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationFront. Psychol.
dcterms.oaStatusgold, Green Published
crisitem.author.deptUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.deptInstitut für Kognitionswissenschaft-
crisitem.author.deptFB 05 - Biologie/Chemie-
crisitem.author.deptidinstitute28-
crisitem.author.deptidfb05-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-9706-4662-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-4782-5603-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0003-3654-5267-
crisitem.author.parentorgFB 08 - Humanwissenschaften-
crisitem.author.parentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.grandparentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.netidAcAl001-
crisitem.author.netidOnSe001-
crisitem.author.netidKoPe298-
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