Identification of a novel two-component system SenS/SenR modulating the production of the catalase-peroxidase CpeB and the haem-binding protein hbpS in Streptomyces reticuli
|BACILLUS-SUBTILIS; BIOSYNTHESIS; COELICOLOR A3(2); COMPLETE GENOME SEQUENCE; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; FURS; GENE-EXPRESSION; Microbiology; RESPONSE REGULATORS; SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION SYSTEM; TRANSFORMATION
The Gram-positive soil bacterium and cellulose degrader Streptomyces reticuli synthesizes the mycelium-associated enzyme CpeB, which displays haem-dependent catalase and peroxidase activity, as well as haem-independent manganese-peroxidase activity. The expression of the furS-cpeB operon depends on the redox regulator FurS and the presence of the haem-binding protein HbpS, Upstream of hbpS, the neighbouring senS and senR genes were identified. SenS is a sensor histidine kinase with five predicted N-terminally located transmembrane domains. SenIR is the corresponding response regulator with a C-terminal DNA-binding motif. Comparative transcriptional and biochemical studies with a designed S. reticuli senS/senR chromosomal disruption mutant and a set of constructed Streptomyces lividans transformants showed that the presence of the novel two-component system SenS/SenR negatively modulates the expression of the furS-cpeB operon and the hbpS gene. The presence of SenS/SenR enhances considerably the resistance of S. reticuli to haemin and the redox-cycling compound plumbagin, suggesting that this system could participate directly or indirectly in the sensing of redox changes. Epitope-tagged HbpS (obtained from an Escherichia coli transformant) as well as the native S. reticuli HbpS interact in vitro specifically with the purified SenS fusion protein. On the basis of these findings, together with data deduced from the S. reticuli hbpS mutant strain, HbpS is suggested to act as an accessory protein that communicates with the sensor protein to modulate the corresponding regulatory cascade. Interestingly, close and distant homologues, respectively, of the SenS/SenR system are encoded within the Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) and Streptomyces avermitilis genomes, but not within other known bacterial genomes. Hence the SenS/SenR system appears to be confined to streptomycetes.
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