Topology of subunit alpha of the Escherichia coli ATP synthase
|A-SUBUNIT; ATP synthase; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Escherichia coli; F-0 COMPLEX; F0F1; FLAG epitope; H+-ATPASE; INNER MEMBRANE-PROTEINS; MUTAGENIC ANALYSIS; PEPTIDE-SYNTHESIS; PROTON CHANNEL; subunit alpha; SUPPRESSOR MUTATIONS; TRANSMEMBRANE TOPOLOGY; UNC OPERON
|EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY
The antigenic determinants of mAbs against subunit a of the Escherichia coli ATP synthase were mapped by ELISA using overlapping synthetic decapeptides. For two of the mAbs the epitopes are E4NMTPQD10 (GDH 14-5C6) and V29DPQ32 (GDH 8-8B3). Binding of these mAbs to membrane vesicles of different orientation revealed that both epitopes are accessible in vesicles with inside-out orientation. These results demonstrate that at least the N-terminal amino acids 1-32 of subunit a are located at the cytoplasmic side of the membrane. A further determination of the topology of subunit a was performed by inserting the reporter epitope DYKDDDDK (FLAG epitope) at different positions of the polypeptide chain. 10 of 13 insertions led to a functional F0F1 ATP synthase and allowed specific detection of the modified subunit a by immunoblotting using an mAb against the FLAG epitope. In addition, polyclonal anti-FLAG IgG was applied for the recognition of the mutant FLAG epitope DYKDDVDK. Cells carrying this mutant FLAG epitope at the C terminus of subunit a were able to grow on succinate as sole carbon and energy source, revealing a functional ATP synthase, in contrast to those carrying the original FLAG epitope at the same position. Binding studies with membrane vesicles of different orientation and anti-FLAG Ig demonstrated that both termini of the protein are located at the cytoplasmic side of the membrane, indicating that an even number of membrane-spanning segments is present in subunit a. In addition, insertion of two FLAG epitopes in tandem after K66, or one epitope after H95, and Q181 revealed that the polypeptide regions including these residues are accessible from the cytoplasmic surface of the membrane. These results support the view that the polypeptide chain of subunit a traverses the membrane six times.
Show full item record
checked on Feb 21, 2024