Motivation, affect, and hemispheric asymmetry: Power versus affiliation

Autor(en): Kuhl, Julius 
Kazen, Miguel
Stichwörter: ACHIEVEMENT-MOTIVATION; ACTIVATION; ATTENTIONAL BIAS; BIOLOGICAL AFFECTS; FACILITATION; hemispheric lateralization; INHIBITION; INTUITION; JUDGMENTS; MECHANISMS; need for affiliation; need for power; Psychology; Psychology, Social; RECOGNITION; valence
Erscheinungsdatum: 2008
Herausgeber: AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
Journal: JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Volumen: 95
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 456
Seitenende: 469
Zusammenfassung: 
In 4 experiments, the authors examined to what extent information related to different social needs (i.e., power vs. affiliation) is associated with hemispheric laterality. Response latencies to a lateralized dot-probe task following lateralized pictures or verbal labels that were associated with positive or negative episodes related to power, affiliation, or achievement revealed clear-cut laterality effects. These effects were a function of need content rather than of valence: Power-related stimuli were associated with right visual field (left hemisphere) superiority, whereas affiliation-related stimuli were associated with left visual field (right hemisphere) superiority. Additional results demonstrated that in contrast to power, affiliation primes were associated with better discrimination between coherent word triads (e.g., goat, pass, and green, all related to mountain) and noncoherent triads, a remote associate task known to activate areas of the right hemisphere.
ISSN: 00223514
DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.95.2.456

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