Mutations which uncouple transport and phosphorylation in the D-mannitol phosphotransferase system of Escherichia coli K-12 and Klebsiella pneumoniae 1033-5P14
|CARBOHYDRATE TRANSPORT; D-ARABINITOL; ENTERIC BACTERIA; ENZYME-IIMTL; FACILITATED DIFFUSION; GLUCOSE-TRANSPORTER; Microbiology; MOLECULAR ANALYSIS; PHOSPHOENOLPYRUVATE; SALMONELLA-TYPHIMURIUM; SUBSTRATE RECOGNITION
|AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
|JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY
Mutants of Escherichia coli K-12 were isolated which lack the normal phosphotransferase system-dependent catabolic pathway for D-mannitol (Mtl). In some mutants the pts genes for the general proteins enzyme I and histidine protein of the phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent carbohydrate phosphotransferase systems were deleted. Other mutants expressed truncated mannitol-specific enzymes II (IIMtl) which lacked the IIA(Mtl) or IIBA(Mtl) domain(s), and the mtlA genes originated either from E. coli K-12 or from Klebsiella pneumoniae 1033-5P14. The dalD gene from Klebsiella oxytoca M5a1 was cloned on single-copy plasmids and transformed into the strains described above. This gene encodes an NAD-dependent D-arabinitol dehydrogenase (DaID) which converts D-arabinitol into D-xylulose and also converts D-mannitol into D-fructose. The different strains were used to isolate mutations which allow efficient transport of mannitol through the nonphosphorylated IIMtl complexes by selecting for growth on this pollyhydric alcohol. More than 40 different mutants were analyzed to determine their ability to grow on mannitol, as well as their ability to bind and transport free mannitol and, after restoration of the missing domain(s), their ability to phosphorylate mannitol. Four mutations were identified (E218A, E218V, H256P, and H256Y); all of these mutations are located in the highly conserved loop 5 of the IIC membrane-bound transporter, and two are located in its GIHE motif. These mutations were found to affect the various functions in different ways. Interestingly, in the presence of all IIMtl variants, whether they were in the truncated form or in the complete form, in the phosphorylated form or in the nonphosphorylated form, and in the wild-type form or in the mutated form, growth occurred on the low-affinity analogue D-arabinitol with good efficiency, while only the uncoupled mutated forms transported mannitol at a high rate.
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checked on Feb 26, 2024