On the stator of rotary ATP synthase: The binding strength of subunit delta to (alpha beta)(3) as determined by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy

Autor(en): Hasler, K
Panke, O
Junge, W 
Stichwörter: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; CATALYSIS; CHLOROPLAST ATPASE; CROSS-LINKING; EPSILON-SUBUNIT; F-1-ATPASE; F-ATPASE; F1-ATPASE; H+/ATP COUPLING RATIO; INTERSUBUNIT ROTATION; RECONSTITUTION
Erscheinungsdatum: 1999
Herausgeber: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Journal: BIOCHEMISTRY
Volumen: 38
Ausgabe: 41
Startseite: 13759
Seitenende: 13765
Zusammenfassung: 
ATP synthase is conceived as a rotary enzyme. Proton flow drives the rotor (namely, subunits c(12)epsilon gamma) relative to the stator (namely, subunits ab(2)delta(alpha beta)(3)) and extrudes spontaneously formed ATP from three symmetrically arranged binding sites on (alpha beta)(3) into the solution. We asked whether the binding of subunit delta to (alpha beta)(3) is of sufficient strength to hold against the elastic strain, which is generated during the operation of this enzyme. According to current estimates, the elastically stored energy is about 50 kJ/mol. Subunit delta was specifically labeled without impairing its function. Its association with solubilized (alpha beta)(3)gamma in detergent-free buffer was studied by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). A very strong tendency of delta to dimerize in detergent-free buffer was apparent (K-d less than or equal to 0.2 nM). Taking the upper limit of this figure into account, the dissociation constant between monomeric delta and (alpha beta)(3)gamma was 0.8 nM if not smaller. It is equivalent to a free energy of binding of at least 52 kJ/mol and therewith is sufficient for the assumed hold-function of delta in the stator. Our data were compatible with a single binding site for delta on the hexagon of (alpha beta)(3).
ISSN: 00062960
DOI: 10.1021/bi991236m

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