Militias and the Politics of Legitimacy

Autor(en): Schneckener, Ulrich 
Stichwörter: BAKASSI BOYS; civil war; counter-crime; counter-insurgency; fragile states; International Relations; legitimacy; Militias; MONOPOLY; NIGERIA; rebels; WARS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2017
Herausgeber: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Journal: SMALL WARS AND INSURGENCIES
Volumen: 28
Ausgabe: 4-5, SI
Startseite: 799
Seitenende: 816
Zusammenfassung: 
Militias and rebels depart from different angles when it comes to the politics of legitimacy. While rebels have to address the issue of legitimacy early on in order to gain popular support, militias can rely on some kind of borrowed legitimacy'. Based on this observation, the paper introduces militias as special form of organised violence visible in many civil wars and fragile states as well as elaborates on the politics of legitimacy typical for militias. By distinguishing different forms of militia violence (counter-insurgency, counter-rival and counter-crime), the articles shows how militias respond to major challenges in legitimizing violent actions.
ISSN: 09592318
DOI: 10.1080/09592318.2017.1322334

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