Rotary F-1-ATPase - Is the C-terminus of subunit gamma fixed or mobile?

Autor(en): Muller, M
Gumbiowski, K
Cherepanov, DA
Winkler, S
Junge, W 
Engelbrecht, S
Panke, O
Stichwörter: ATP hydrolysis; ATP SYNTHASE; BETA-SUBUNIT; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; BOVINE MITOCHONDRIAL F-1-ATPASE; CATALYSIS; catalytic mechanism; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; F(1-)ATPase; F-ATPASE; F1F0-ATP SYNTHASE; H+-ATPASE; INTERSUBUNIT ROTATION; molecular dynamics calculation; motor protein; STRUCTURAL MODEL
Erscheinungsdatum: 2004
Herausgeber: WILEY
Journal: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY
Volumen: 271
Ausgabe: 19
Startseite: 3914
Seitenende: 3922
Zusammenfassung: 
F-ATP synthase synthesizes ATP at the expense of ion motive force by a rotary coupling mechanism. A central shaft, subunit gamma, functionally connects the ion-driven rotary motor, F-O, with the rotary chemical reactor, F-1. Using polarized spectrophotometry we have demonstrated previously the functional rotation of the C-terminal alpha-helical portion of gamma in the supposed `hydrophobic bearing' formed by the (alphabeta)(3) hexagon. In apparent contradiction with these spectroscopic results, an engineered disulfide bridge between the alpha-helix of gamma and subunit alpha did not impair enzyme activity. Molecular dynamics simulations revealed the possibility of a `functional unwinding' of the alpha-helix to form a swivel joint. Furthermore, they suggested a firm clamping of that part of gamma even without the engineered cross-link, i.e. in the wild-type enzyme. Here, we rechecked the rotational mobility of the C-terminal portion of gamma relative to (alphabeta)(3). Non-fluorescent, engineered F-1 (alphaP280C/gammaA285C) was oxidized to form a (nonfluorescent) alphagamma heterodimer. In a second mutant, containing just the point mutation within alpha, all subunits were labelled with a fluorescent dye. Following disassembly and reassembly of the combined preparations and cystine reduction, the enzyme was exposed to ATP or 5'-adenylyl-imidodiphosphate (AMP-PNP). After reoxidation, we found fluorescent alphagamma dimers in all cases in accordance with rotary motion of the entire gamma subunit under these conditions. Molecular dynamics simulations covering a time range of nanoseconds therefore do not necessarily account for motional freedom in microseconds. The rotation of gamma within hours is compatible with the spectroscopically detected blockade of rotation in the AMP-PNP-inhibited enzyme in the time-range of seconds.
ISSN: 00142956
DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.2004.04328.x

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