Contact allergy in children

Autor(en): Kienast, A.
Stichwörter: ATOPIC-DERMATITIS; Atopy; Children; Contact allergens; Contact eczema; DISEASES; HAND; NICKEL ALLERGY; ODENSE ADOLESCENCE COHORT; Patch test; Pediatrics; POPULATION; PREVALENCE; SENSITIZATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Herausgeber: SPRINGER
Journal: MONATSSCHRIFT KINDERHEILKUNDE
Volumen: 159
Ausgabe: 11
Startseite: 1085+
Zusammenfassung: 
The incidence of contact allergy increases with age. This is due to increasing allergen exposure combined with maturation of the immune system. By the age of school enrolment responsiveness to contact allergens is the same as in adults. Since the 1980s, patch testing has become more common in children. It should be performed with standardized methodology. The most common contact allergens in children are nickel sulphate, cobalt chloride, thimerosal, neomycin, benzoyl peroxide, gentamicin, mercury compounds, fragrances and herbal allergens (composites), bufexamac, propylene glycol and turpentine. Preventive measures such as the use of fragrance- and preservative-free products and minimization of contact with potent allergens such as nickel should be considered especially in atopic children.
ISSN: 00269298
DOI: 10.1007/s00112-011-2427-1

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