Power grid stability under perturbation of single nodes: Effects of heterogeneity and internal nodes

Autor(en): Wolff, Matthias F.
Lind, Pedro G.
Maass, Philipp 
Stichwörter: Mathematics; Mathematics, Applied; MODEL; NETWORKS; PARADIGM; Physics; Physics, Mathematical; SYNCHRONIZATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2018
Herausgeber: AMER INST PHYSICS
Journal: CHAOS
Volumen: 28
Ausgabe: 10
Zusammenfassung: 
Power flow dynamics in electricity grids can be described by equations resembling a Kuramoto model of non-linearly coupled oscillators with inertia. The coupling of the oscillators or nodes in a power grid generally exhibits pronounced heterogeneities due to varying features of transmission lines, generators, and loads. In studies aiming at uncovering mechanisms related to failures or malfunction of power systems, these grid heterogeneities are often neglected. However, over-simplification can lead to different results away from reality. We investigate the influence of heterogeneities in power grids on stable grid functioning and show their impact on estimating grid stability. Our conclusions are drawn by comparing the stability of an Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers test grid with a homogenized version of this grid. Published by AIP Publishing.
ISSN: 10541500
DOI: 10.1063/1.5040689

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