Vertical mixing and hysteresis in the competition of buoyant and non-buoyant plankton prey species in a shallow lake

Autor(en): Bengfort, Michael 
Malchow, Horst 
Stichwörter: BLOOMS; Competition; CYANOBACTERIA; Ecology; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Eutrophication; Hysteresis; LIGHT; MODEL; NUTRIENTS; PHYTOPLANKTON; Plankton; Reaction-diffusion equations; TURBULENCE; Vertical mixing; ZOOPLANKTON
Erscheinungsdatum: 2016
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER
Volumen: 323
Startseite: 51
Seitenende: 60
Some plankton species like cyanobacteria have an advantage in the competition for light in comparison to other species because of their buoyancy. This advantage can be diminished by vertical mixing in the surrounding water column. We introduce a non-spatial model, based on ordinary differential equations, which accounts for this effect. The main aim is to show that vertical mixing influences the outcome of competition between different species. Hysteresis is possible for a certain range of parameters. Introducing a grazing predator, the system exhibits different dynamics depending on the strength of mixing. In a diffusively coupled horizontal spatial model, local vertical mixing can also have a global effect on the biological system, for instance, destabilization of a locally stable solution, or the generation of new spatiotemporal behavior. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 03043800
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.12.009

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