Extracellular Streptomyces lividans vesicles: composition, biogenesis and antimicrobial activity

Autor(en): Schrempf, Hildgund 
Merling, Philipp
Stichwörter: ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA; ASPERGILLUS-PROLIFERANS; BACILLUS-SUBTILIS; BACTERIA; Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology; CELL-WALL; LIPID DOMAINS; MEMBRANE-VESICLES; Microbiology; PEPTIDOGLYCAN; PROTEIN SECRETION; VERTICILLIUM-DAHLIAE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2015
Herausgeber: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Journal: MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
Volumen: 8
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 644
Seitenende: 658
Zusammenfassung: 
We selected Streptomyces lividans to elucidate firstly the biogenesis and antimicrobial activities of extracellular vesicles that a filamentous and highly differentiated Gram-positive bacterium produces. Vesicle types range in diameter from 110 to 230nm and 20 to 60nm, respectively; they assemble to clusters, and contain lipids and phospholipids allowing their in situ imaging by specific fluorescent dyes. The presence of the identified secondary metabolite undecylprodigiosin provokes red fluorescence of a portion of the heterogeneous vesicle populations facilitating in vivo monitoring. Protuberances containing vesicles generate at tips, and alongside of substrate hyphae, and enumerate during late vegetative growth to droplet-like exudates. Owing to in situ imaging in the presence and absence of a green fluorescent vancomycin derivative, we conclude that protuberances comprising vesicles arise at sites with enhanced levels of peptidoglycan subunits [pentapeptide of lipid II (C55)-linked disaccharides], and reduced levels of polymerized and cross-linked peptidoglycan within hyphae. These sites correlate with enhanced levels of anionic phospholipids and lipids. Vesicles provoke pronounced damages of Aspergillus proliferans, Verticillium dahliae and induced clumping and distortion of Escherichia coli. These harmful effects are likely attributable to the action of the identified vesicular compounds including different enzyme types, components of signal transduction cascades and undecylprodigiosin. Based on our pioneering findings, we highlight novel clues with environmental implications and application potential.
ISSN: 17517907
DOI: 10.1111/1751-7915.12274

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