RAPD analyses in colonial and ancestral populations of Capsella bursa-pastoris (L) Med (Brassicaceae)

Autor(en): Neuffer, B 
Stichwörter: AVENA-BARBATA; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; California; Capsella; colonization history; Ecology; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; EVOLUTION; Evolutionary Biology; Germany; HIRTULA; MARKERS; MULTILOCUS GENETIC-STRUCTURE; population structure; PRIMERS; RAPDs; Spain; SPANISH
Erscheinungsdatum: 1996
Volumen: 24
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 393
Seitenende: 403
Capsella bursa-pastoris is a neophyte in the New World. It arrived in California not before 200 years ago. Thirteen populations from California, seven from Spain and one from Germany were analyzed with RAPDs in order to trace the introduction history and to study the structure of the colonial populations. The results not only supported earlier hypotheses on the colonization of Capsella which were based in isozyme studies (Hurka, 1993; Hurka ef al, 1989) and phenotypic traits (Hurka and Neuffer, 1991), but helped also to understand the colonization history in more detail. Overall similarity in RAPD markers was greater between Californian Central Valley and Spanish populations than it was between Central Valley and Californian mountain populations. It is concluded that genotypes preadapted to Mediterranean climate conditions were brought to California by Spaniards from Mexico. Their ancestral populations might be found in Spain which is strongly argued far by RAPD markers. They now occupy the Central Valley of California. The Californian mountains are colonized by other genotypes, the source of which is not yet clear, but unlikely to be of Mediterranean climate origin. In general, colonial Californian populations are genetically less variable than the European populations, but more variable than one would conclude by isozyme studies. Population structures of the colonial populations as revealed by RAPD studies are in full accordance with the expected organization of genetic variability within and between populations of a predominantly self colonizing plant. Copyright (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 03051978
DOI: 10.1016/0305-1978(96)00036-1

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