Are there associations between religious affiliation and drive for muscularity? A cross-sectional survey of young Muslim women, Christian women and atheist women from Germany

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWilhelm, Leonie
dc.contributor.authorHartmann, Andrea S.
dc.contributor.authorBecker, Julia C.
dc.contributor.authorWaldorf, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorVocks, Silja
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T15:59:10Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T15:59:10Z-
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/3779-
dc.description.abstractBackground Over the last 20 years, society's perception of the ideal female body size in Western cultures has changed from thin to athletic, and many women practice sports to achieve well-toned bodies. However, to date, no study has investigated whether Muslim women who live in a Western country and veil their bodies strive for lean or muscular bodies too. The current cross-sectional survey therefore addressed this question. Methods Veiled Muslim women (n = 70), unveiled Muslim women (n = 50), Christian women (n = 79), and atheist women (n = 68) living in Germany answered several questionnaires assessing engagement in sports, body appreciation, and drive for leanness and muscularity. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to compare the four groups. Results The results of univariate and multivariate analyses showed that Muslim women engaged less in sports and veiled Muslim women reported higher body appreciation than did Christian and atheist women. Although the groups did not differ significantly in drive for muscularity, Muslim women showed lower levels of drive for leanness than did Christian and atheist women. Conclusion Given that Muslim women engaged less in sports and strived less for a lean body compared to Christian and atheist women, a well-toned body might be less important for them. Nevertheless, as being active is beneficial for general health, barriers that prevent Muslim women from engaging in sports should be diminished.
dc.description.sponsorshipProjekt DEAL; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)German Research Foundation (DFG); Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL. For the publication fee of the present article, we acknowledge support by the Open Access Publishing Fund of the University and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG). This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. Leonie Wilhelm is funded by a predoctoral stipend from the Foundation of German Business (sdw). This predoctoral stipend funds exclusively the cost of living and therefore did not affect the design of the study, data collection, analysis and interpretation of data as well as the writing of the manuscript.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherBMC
dc.relation.ispartofBMC WOMENS HEALTH
dc.subjectBody image
dc.subjectBODY-IMAGE
dc.subjectDISSATISFACTION
dc.subjectEATING-DISORDERS
dc.subjectEXERCISE
dc.subjectHIJAB
dc.subjectISLAM
dc.subjectLEANNESS
dc.subjectMuscularity
dc.subjectObstetrics & Gynecology
dc.subjectPHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
dc.subjectPublic, Environmental & Occupational Health
dc.subjectSPORT
dc.subjectSports
dc.subjectVeiling
dc.subjectWEIGHT
dc.titleAre there associations between religious affiliation and drive for muscularity? A cross-sectional survey of young Muslim women, Christian women and atheist women from Germany
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12905-020-01138-8
dc.identifier.isiISI:000600107800001
dc.description.volume20
dc.description.issue1
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-6251-3763
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-2456-1174
dc.contributor.researcheridAAY-7165-2020
dc.contributor.researcheridAAR-4601-2021
dc.identifier.eissn14726874
dc.publisher.placeCAMPUS, 4 CRINAN ST, LONDON N1 9XW, ENGLAND
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationBMC Womens Health
dcterms.oaStatusGreen Published, gold
crisitem.author.deptFB 08 - Humanwissenschaften-
crisitem.author.deptFB 08 - Humanwissenschaften-
crisitem.author.deptidfb08-
crisitem.author.deptidfb08-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-7366-679X-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0001-8498-9466-
crisitem.author.parentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.parentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.netidHaAn413-
crisitem.author.netidWaMa487-
crisitem.author.netidVoSi856-
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