Barriers and facilitators for the development of sex/gender sensitive clinical practice guidelines: A qualitative interview study
|barrier; CARE; EXCELLENCE; facilitator; GENDER; guideline; HEALTH; Health Care Sciences & Services; Health Policy & Services; qualitative study; SEX
|ZEITSCHRIFT FUR EVIDENZ FORTBILDUNG UND QUALITAET IM GESUNDHEITSWESEN
Introduction: Sex and gender health research evaluates biological and psychosocial differences between women and men which can influence the development, progress and experience of diseases. However, despite the increasing body of evidence about relevant differences between women and men regarding healthcare, the prevention, management and treatment of many common diseases do not yet reflect the knowledge of sex/gender characteristics. Furthermore, in the development of clinical practice guidelines, which are a valuable tool for knowledge transfer between scientific evidence and healthcare, sex/gender factors are only rarely explicitly and systematically considered. The goal of the current study therefore is to identify barriers and facilitators for the consideration and integration of sex/gender differences into guidelines, to create a basis for potential solutions and tools to increase the development of sex/gender sensitive guidelines in the future. Methods: Barriers and facilitators for the development of sex/gender sensitive guidelines were identified by conducting semi-structured interviews with twelve experts in national and international guideline development (guideline authors and coordinators), as well as gender experts (female: n=8). The selection of experts followed a purposeful sampling strategy and the interview data was analyzed using the qualitative content analysis according to Mayring. Results: The views on barriers and facilitators were allocated to and summarized in five categories with ten subcategories. The identified barriers mainly addressed the increasing complexity of guidelines, the lack of availability and quality of sex/gender sensitive evidence, and the shortage of resources. In addition, barriers were identified in an individual/professional context, such as deficiencies in awareness/knowledge about relevant sex/gender differences. The results of facilitating factors showed that experts see political policies and standards from guideline organizations as support for the consideration of sex/gender factors in guideline development. Conclusion: The perspective of experts illustrates that besides organizational and political inventions, individual and social factors should also be addressed in order to achieve behavioral change.
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checked on Feb 26, 2024