Affect sensitivity and affect regulation in dealing with positive and negative affect

Autor(en): Baumann, Nicola
Kaschel, Reiner
Kuhl, Julius 
Stichwörter: action orientation; avoidant personality; Big Five; ORIENTATION; PSI theory; Psychology; Psychology, Social; psychosomatic symptoms; schizoid personality; self-regulation; state orientation; stressful life-events; subjective well-being
Erscheinungsdatum: 2007
Herausgeber: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Journal: JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY
Volumen: 41
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 239
Seitenende: 248
Zusammenfassung: 
Interactions between two types of affect sensitivity and two types of affect regulation were tested: low sensitivity to positive affect and high sensitivity to negative affect were expected to become maladaptive when self-motivation and self-relaxation are low, respectively. Consistent with expectations, specific Sensitivity x Regulation interactions emerged: low sensitivity to positive affect (i.e., independent, schizoid-like personality) was only associated with reduced emotional well-being when self-motivation was low. High sensitivity to negative affect (i.e., self-critical, avoidant-like personality) was only associated with psychosomatic symptoms when self-relaxation was low. In a subsample, the same results were obtained longitudinally. Findings support the distinction between affect sensitivity and affect regulation. Furthermore, affect regulation can be differentiated into self-motivation and self-relaxation. (C) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00926566
DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2006.05.002

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