Holographic Spectroscopy: Wavelength-Dependent Analysis of Photosensitive Materials by Means of Holographic Techniques
|ABSORPTION GRATINGS; beam-coupling analysis; Borrmann effect; Chemistry; Chemistry, Physical; COUPLED-WAVE ANALYSIS; coupled-wave theory; DIFFRACTION; diffraction efficiency; holographic materials; holographic spectroscopy; LINBO3; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering; mixed gratings; out-of-phase gratings; PHASE; Physics; Physics, Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter; REFRACTIVE-INDEX GRATINGS; SEPARATE
Holographic spectroscopy is highlighted as a powerful tool for the analysis of photosensitive materials with pronounced alterations of the complex permittivity over a broad range in the visible spectrum, due to the advances made both in the fields of advanced holographic media and highly tunable lasers systems. To analytically discuss consequences for in- and off-Bragg reconstruction, we revised Kogelnik's coupled wave theory strictly on the basis of complex permittivities. We extended it to comply with modern experimental parameters such as out-of-phase mixed holograms and highly modulated gratings. A spatially modulated, wavelength-dependent permittivity that superimposes a spatially homogeneous wavelength-dependent ground state spectrum is taken into account for signal wave reconstruction with bulky elementary mixed gratings as an example. The dispersion characteristics of the respective diffraction efficiency is modelled for color-center-absorption and absorption of strongly localized carriers. As an example for the theoretical possibilities of our newly derived set of equations, we present a quantitative analysis of the Borrmann effect connected to out-of-phase gratings, providing easier and more intuitive methods for the derivation of their grating parameters.
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