The Small Yeast GTPase Rho5 and Its Dimeric GEF Dck1/Lmo1 Respond to Glucose Starvation

Autor(en): Schmitz, Hans-Peter 
Jendretzki, Arne
Sterk, Carolin
Heinisch, Juergen J.
Stichwörter: ACTIN CYTOSKELETON; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; BUDDING YEAST; CELL POLARITY; Chemistry; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; cytoskeleton; general stress response; KINASE; KLUYVEROMYCES-LACTIS; mitochondria; nutrient signaling; PROTEIN; RAC1; SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE; SIGNALING PATHWAY; STRESS-RESPONSE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2018
Herausgeber: MDPI
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
Volumen: 19
Ausgabe: 8
Zusammenfassung: 
Rho5 is a small GTPase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and a homolog of mammalian Rac1. The latter regulates glucose metabolism and actin cytoskeleton dynamics, and its misregulation causes cancer and a variety of other diseases. In yeast, Rho5 has been implicated in different signal transduction pathways, governing cell wall integrity and the responses to high medium osmolarity and oxidative stress. It has also been proposed to affect mitophagy and apoptosis. Here, we demonstrate that Rho5 rapidly relocates from the plasma membrane to mitochondria upon glucose starvation, mediated by its dimeric GDP/GTP exchange factor (GEF) Dck1/Lmo1. A function in response to glucose availability is also suggested by synthetic genetic phenotypes of a rho5 deletion with gpr1, gpa2, and sch9 null mutants. On the other hand, the role of mammalian Rac1 in regulating the action cytoskeleton does not seem to be strongly conserved in S. cerevisiae Rho5. We propose that Rho5 serves as a central hub in integrating various stress conditions, including a crosstalk with the cAMP/PKA (cyclic AMP activating protein kinase A) and Sch9 branches of glucose signaling pathways.
DOI: 10.3390/ijms19082186

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