Psychosoziale Folgen von Adipositas im Kindes- und Jugendalter und Strategien zu deren Behandlung

Titelvariante(n): Child and adolescent obesity, psychosocial consequences and treatment strategies
Autor(en): Hartmann, Andrea S. 
Hilbert, Anja
Affiliationen: Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114, USA. andrea.sabrina.hartmann@gmail.com
Stichwörter: Exercise Therapy/statistics & numerical data; Prevalence; Risk Reduction Behavior; Comorbidity; Humans; Risk Factors; Germany/epidemiology; Male; Social Behavior Disorders/diagnosis/epidemiology/therapy; Mental Disorders/diagnosis/epidemiology/therapy; Pediatric Obesity/diagnosis/epidemiology/psychology/therapy; Diet Therapy/statistics & numerical data; Adolescent; Psychotherapy/statistics & numerical data; Female; Child
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Journal: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Volumen: 56
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 532
Seitenende: 538
Zusammenfassung: 
Being overweight and obese in childhood and adolescence is associated with various somatic and psychosocial sequelae. Psychosocial problems can negatively influence the future weight trajectory. Therefore, weight reduction or stabilization should be complemented by the treatment of significant psychosocial problems. This review provides an overview of the psychosocial problems associated with being overweight and obese in childhood and adolescence. Evidence on weight-related stigmatization and discrimination, eating disorder symptoms, general psychopathology, impaired quality of life, lowered self-esteem, social skill deficits, as well as academic problems is summarized. Furthermore, state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for the psychosocial problems are summarized. Future research should focus on the development of interventions targeting the destigmatization of obesity, as experiences of stigmatization and discrimination likely aggravate the psychosocial sequelae of overweight and obesity.
DOI: 10.1007/s00103-012-1637-6

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