Anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder: A comparison of body image concerns and explicit and implicit attractiveness beliefs

Autor(en): Hartmann, Andrea S. 
Thomas, Jennifer Joanne
Greenberg, Jennifer L.
Elliott, Corinna M.
Matheny, Natalie L.
Wilhelm, Sabine
Affiliationen: Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Simches Research Building, 2nd Floor, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA, USA
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Simches Research Building, 2nd Floor, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: andrea.hartmann@uos.de. Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Simches Research Building, 2nd Floor, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA, USA
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Simches Research Building, 2nd Floor, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: jjthomas@mgh.harvard.edu. Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Simches Research Building, 2nd Floor, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA, USA
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Simches Research Building, 2nd Floor, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: jlgreenberg@mgh.harvard.edu. Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Simches Research Building, 2nd Floor, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA, USA
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Simches Research Building, 2nd Floor, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: celliott1@mgh.harvard.edu. Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Simches Research Building, 2nd Floor, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: matheny@psy.fsu.edu. Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Simches Research Building, 2nd Floor, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA, USA
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Simches Research Building, 2nd Floor, 185 Cambridge Street, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: swilhelm@mgh.harvard.edu.
Stichwörter: Beauty; Body Dysmorphic Disorders/diagnosis/psychology/therapy; Reproducibility of Results; Body image; Humans; Anorexia Nervosa/diagnosis/psychology/therapy; Male; Young Adult; Internal-External Control; Psychometrics/statistics & numerical data; Adult; Female; Interview, Psychological; Culture; Adaptation, Psychological
Erscheinungsdatum: 2015
Enthalten in: Body Image
Band: 14
Startseite: 77
Seitenende: 84
Zusammenfassung: 
Although body image is central to the etiological models of anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder, studies comparing body image and beliefs about attractiveness between the disorders are rare. Sixty-nine individuals (anorexia nervosa: n=24, body dysmorphic disorder: n=23, healthy controls: n=22) completed self-report measures (body image and general psychopathology), diagnostic interviews, and Go/No-Go Association tasks measuring implicit associations. Compared to controls, both clinical groups exhibited greater negative body image, a more negative attitude toward their physical selves, and more dysfunctional coping strategies (ps<.001). Also, both clinical groups shared greater explicit beliefs about the importance of attractiveness (ps<.001). In addition to supporting previous research with regard to comparable body image disturbance, this study also showed that beliefs regarding the importance of appearance (e.g., "one must be attractive to be successful") might be a fruitful target for therapy across both disorders.
ISSN: 1740-1445
DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.03.013

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