Transmembrane domain II of the Na plus /proline transporter PutP of Escherichia coli forms part of a conformationally flexible, cytoplasmic exposed aqueous cavity within the membrane

Autor(en): Pirch, T
Landmeier, S
Jung, H
Stichwörter: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; LACTOSE PERMEASE; NA+/GLUCOSE COTRANSPORTER; NA+/PROLINE TRANSPORTER; PROTEIN; PURIFICATION; RECONSTITUTION; SECONDARY STRUCTURE; SUBSTRATE-BINDING; SYMPORTER FAMILY; TOPOLOGY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2003
Herausgeber: AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Journal: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
Volumen: 278
Ausgabe: 44
Startseite: 42942
Seitenende: 42949
Zusammenfassung: 
The Na+/proline transporter PutP of Escherichia coli is a member of a large family of Na+/substrate symporters. Previous work on PutP suggests an involvement of the region ranging from Asp-55 to Gly-58 in binding of Na+ and/or proline (Pirch, T., Quick, M., Nietschke, M., Langkamp, M., Jung, H. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 8790-8796). In this study, a complete Cys scanning mutagenesis of transmembrane domain II (TM II) of PutP was performed to further elucidate the role of the TM in the transport process. Strong defects of PutP function were observed upon substitution of Ala-48, Ala-53, Trp-59, and Gly-63 by Cys in addition to the previously characterized residues Asp-55, Ser-57, and Gly-58. However, except for Asp-55 none of these residues proved essential for function. The activity of eight mutants was sensitive to N-ethylmaleimide inhibition with the sensitive positions clustering predominantly on a hydrophilic face in the cytoplasmic half of TM II. The same face was also highly accessible to the bulky sulfhydryl reagent fluorescein 5-maleimide in randomly oriented membrane vesicles, suggesting an unrestricted accessibility of the corresponding amino acid positions via an aqueous pathway. Na+ stimulated the reactivity of Cys toward fluorescein 5-maleimide at two positions while proline inhibited reaction of the sulfhydryl group at nine positions. Taken together, the results demonstrate that TM II of PutP is of particular functional importance. It is proposed that hydrophilic residues in the cytoplasmic half of TM II participate in the formation of an aqueous cavity in the membrane that allows Na+ and/or proline binding to residues located in the middle of the TM (e.g. Asp-55 and Ser-57). In addition, the data indicate that TM II participates in Na+-and proline-induced conformational alterations.
ISSN: 00219258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M308253200

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