Conformation of the closed channel state of colicin a in proteoliposomes: An umbrella model
|Padmavathi, Pulagam V. L.
|Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS; E1 CHANNEL; EPR spectroscopy; HIGH-FIELD EPR; membrane protein; MEMBRANE-BOUND STATE; PORE-FORMING DOMAIN; reconstitution; SIDE-CHAINS; site-directed spin labeling; SPIN-LABELED BACTERIORHODOPSIN; STRUCTURAL DETERMINANTS; T4 LYSOZYME; TRANSFER DISTANCE MEASUREMENTS; water-soluble toxin
|ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
|JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Colicin A (ColA) is a water-soluble toxin that forms a voltage-gated channel in the cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli. Until now, two models were proposed for the closed channel state: the umbrella model and the penknife model. Mutants of ColA, each containing a single cysteine, were labeled with a nitroxide spin label, reconstituted into liposomes, and studied by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy to study the membrane-bound closed channel state. The spin-labeled ColA variants in solution and in liposomes of native E. coli lipid composition were analyzed in terms of the mobility of the nitroxide, its accessibility to paramagnetic reagents, and the polarity of its microenvironment. The EPR data determined for the soluble ColA pore-forming domain are in agreement with its crystal structure. Moreover, the EPR results show that ColA has a conformation in liposomes different from its water-soluble conformation. Residues that belong to helices H8 and H9 are significantly accessible for O-2 but not for nickel-ethylene diamine diacetic acid, indicating their location inside the membrane. In addition, the polarity values determined from the hyper-fine tensor component A(zz) of residues 176, 181, and 183 (H9) indicate the location of these residues close to the center of the lipid bilayer, supporting a transmembrane orientation of the hydrophobic hairpin. Furthermore, the accessibility and polarity data suggest that the spin-labeled side chains of the amphipathic helices (H1-H7 and H10) are located at the membrane-water interface. Evidence that the conformation of the closed channel state in artificial liposomes depends on lipid composition is given. The EPR results for ColA reconstituted into liposomes of E. coli lipids support the umbrella model for the closed channel state.
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checked on Feb 29, 2024