Beyond sensory substitution-learning the sixth sense

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorNagel, Saskia K.
dc.contributor.authorCarl, Christine
dc.contributor.authorKringe, Tobias
dc.contributor.authorMaertin, Robert
dc.contributor.authorKoenig, Peter
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:00:51Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:00:51Z-
dc.date.issued2005
dc.identifier.issn17412560
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/4618-
dc.description.abstractRapid advances in neuroscience have sparked numerous efforts to study the neural correlate of consciousness. Prominent subjects include higher sensory area, distributed assemblies bound by synchronization of neuronal activity and neurons in specific cortical laminae. In contrast, it has been suggested that the quality of sensory awareness is determined by systematic change of afferent signals resulting from behaviour and knowledge thereof. Support for such skill-based theories of perception is provided by experiments on sensory substitution. Here, we pursue this line of thought and create new sensorimotor contingencies and, hence, a new quality of perception. Adult subjects received orientation information, obtained by a magnetic compass, via vibrotactile stimulation around the waist. After six weeks of training we evaluated integration of the new input by a battery of tests. The results indicate that the sensory information provided by the belt (1) is processed and boosts performance, (2) if inconsistent with other sensory signals leads to variable performance, (3) does interact with the vestibular nystagmus and (4) in half of the experimental subjects leads to qualitative changes of sensory experience. These data support the hypothesis that new sensorimotor contingencies can be learned and integrated into behaviour and affect perceptual experience.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
dc.relation.ispartofJOURNAL OF NEURAL ENGINEERING
dc.subjectCONSCIOUSNESS
dc.subjectEngineering
dc.subjectEngineering, Biomedical
dc.subjectMAGNETORECEPTION
dc.subjectMAPS
dc.subjectNAVIGATION
dc.subjectNeurosciences
dc.subjectNeurosciences & Neurology
dc.subjectORIENTATION
dc.subjectPLACE
dc.subjectPLASTICITY
dc.subjectPRIMARY VISUAL-CORTEX
dc.subjectVISION
dc.titleBeyond sensory substitution-learning the sixth sense
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1088/1741-2560/2/4/R02
dc.identifier.isiISI:000209672600006
dc.description.volume2
dc.description.issue4
dc.description.startpageR13-R26
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0003-3654-5267
dc.contributor.researcheridABB-2380-2020
dc.identifier.eissn17412552
dc.publisher.placeTEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationJ. Neural Eng.
crisitem.author.deptUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.deptInstitut für Kognitionswissenschaft-
crisitem.author.deptFB 05 - Biologie/Chemie-
crisitem.author.deptidinstitute28-
crisitem.author.deptidfb05-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0003-3654-5267-
crisitem.author.parentorgFB 08 - Humanwissenschaften-
crisitem.author.parentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.grandparentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.netidCaCh001-
crisitem.author.netidKoPe298-
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