Explicit but not implicit sexist beliefs predict benevolent and hostile sexist behavior

Autor(en): Laux, Stephanie H. de Oliveira
Ksenofontov, Inna 
Becker, Julia C.
Stichwörter: AMBIVALENT SEXISM; ASSOCIATION TEST; ATTITUDES; benevolent sexism; COMPUTER HARASSMENT PARADIGM; CONSEQUENCES; DIFFERENTIATING HOSTILE; explicit attitudes; hostile sexism; HUMOR; implicit attitudes; METAANALYSIS; Psychology; Psychology, Social; sexist behavior; SEXUAL-HARASSMENT; VALIDITY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2015
Herausgeber: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Journal: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Volumen: 45
Ausgabe: 6
Startseite: 702
Seitenende: 715
Zusammenfassung: 
Much work has been carried out on sexist attitudes, but only little on sexist behaviors. The goal of the present research was to close this gap by testing how a variety of benevolent and hostile sexist behaviors correlate with implicit and explicit sexist attitudes. In Study 1 (N=126), we developed implicit association tests for benevolent sexism and hostile sexism and illustrated that implicit and explicit benevolent sexist beliefs, as well as implicit and explicit hostile sexist beliefs, were positively correlated. In Study 2 (N=83 of Study 1), we tested whether implicit and explicit benevolent and hostile sexist attitudes correlate with benevolent and hostile sexist behaviors. As expected, explicit benevolent (but not hostile) sexist attitudes predicted benevolent sexist behavior, whereas explicit hostile (but not benevolent) sexist attitudes predicted hostile sexist behavior. Implicit sexist attitudes did not predict sexist behavior. The implications of these findings are discussed.
ISSN: 00462772
DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2128

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