Aquatic fate assessment of the polycyclic musk fragrance HHCB - Scenario and variability analysis in accordance with the EU risk assessment guidelines

Autor(en): Schwartz, S
Berding, V
Matthies, M
Stichwörter: Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; EUSES; fate assessment; HHCB; polycyclic musk fragrances; risk assessment guidelines; TGD
Erscheinungsdatum: 2000
Volumen: 41
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 671
Seitenende: 679
By means of the environmental fate and distribution models laid down in the Technical Guidance Documents (TGD) and implemented in the European Union System for the Evaluation of Substances (EUSES) environmental concentrations of the polycyclic musk fragrance HHCB (1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethyl-cyclopenta-[g]-2-benzopy rane; trade name: e.g. Galaxolide(R)) were calculated for the aquatic environment under consideration of various scenarios. The results were then compared to monitoring data from the region of North Rhine-Westphalia (River Ruhr). An uncertainty analysis was carried out to determine sensitive parameters, to integrate environmental variability and to confirm the model's calculations. The standard scenario of EUSES overestimates the measured concentrations, which confirms the conservative nature of the calculations. The regional-specific scenarios lead to lower deviations from the measured values than the standard scenario. Deviations range from one to two orders of magnitude in the effluent of sewage treatment plants; they amount to one order of magnitude for surface water concentrations on a local scale and conform to monitoring data on a regional scale. The use of measured bioconcentration factors for fish instead of estimated ones reduces deviations remarkably. The investigation reveals that unrealistic worst-case calculations of HHCB can at best be ameliorated by the application of more realistic emission rates and measured bioconcentration factors. The use of regional-specific parameters also diminishes the deviations of the calculations from the measured concentrations. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00456535
DOI: 10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00510-X

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