PE-LAYERS AND PROTON DIFFUSION PROFILES IN LINBO3 INVESTIGATED WITH FOURIER-IR AND 2ND HARMONIC-GENERATION

Autor(en): KAPPHAN, S
BREITKOPF, A
Stichwörter: CRYSTALS; EXCHANGED LINBO3; HYDROGEN; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; OH-IONS; Physics; Physics, Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter; REFRACTIVE-INDEX; SPECTROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE; WAVE-GUIDES
Erscheinungsdatum: 1992
Herausgeber: AKADEMIE VERLAG GMBH
Journal: PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI A-APPLIED RESEARCH
Volumen: 133
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 159
Seitenende: 166
Zusammenfassung: 
Deep proton-exchanged (PE) layers in congruent LiNbO3 with thickness up to 10 mum are studied by Fourier-IR spectroscopy, mode-coupling, and interference techniques. Effective diffusion constants, depending on the amount of Li buffering in the benzoic melt and crystal cut, as well as the relation between layer thickness and the absorption of the fundamental (nu01) and the next higher O-H vibrational transition (nu02) are measured. Based upon the H/Li exchange ratio in the layer an OH oscillator strength for nu01 of f(osc) = 1.6 x 10(-2) is found. This allows to determine the refractive index change per OH concentration by combining frequency doubling (SHG) and absorption measurements in OH profiles in the bulk of LiNbO3. Resulting values for H indiffusion DELTAn(e)/DELTAC(H) = (2.9 /- 0.6) x 10(-23) cm3 and Li outdiffusion DELTAn(e)/DELTAC(Li) = 3.4 x 10(-23) cm3 are about the same. Extrapolation of these DELTAn values to the large [H]/[Li] variation in the PE-layer, leads to much larger DELTAn values than observed, pointing to a strongly nonlinear mechanism.
ISSN: 00318965
DOI: 10.1002/pssa.2211330117

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