The Harmful Side of Thanks: Thankful Responses to High-Power Group Help Undermine Low-Power Groups' Protest

Autor(en): Ksenofontov, Inna 
Becker, Julia C.
Stichwörter: ATTITUDES; CONSEQUENCES; expressions of thanks; FORGIVENESS; GRATITUDE; INTERGROUP CONTACT; intergroup helping; JUSTICE; PREJUDICE; protest; Psychology; Psychology, Social; REDUCTION; SYSTEM JUSTIFICATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Herausgeber: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Journal: PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN
Volumen: 46
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 794
Seitenende: 807
Zusammenfassung: 
Giving thanks has multiple psychological benefits. However, within intergroup contexts, thankful responses from low-power to high-power group members could solidify the power hierarchy. The other-oriented nature of grateful expressions could mask power differences and discourage low-power group members from advocating for their ingroup interests. In five studies (N = 825), we examine the novel idea of a potentially harmful side of ``thanks,'' using correlational and experimental designs and a follow-up. Across different contexts, expressing thanks to a high-power group member who transgressed and then helped undermined low-power group members' protest intentions and actual protest. Thus, the expression of thanks can pacify members of low-power groups. We offer insights into the underlying process by showing that forgiveness of the high-power benefactor and system justification mediate this effect. Our findings provide evidence for a problematic side of gratitude within intergroup relations. We discuss social implications.
ISSN: 01461672
DOI: 10.1177/0146167219879125

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