Directional discrepancy between implicit and explicit power motives is related to well-being among managers

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKazen, Miguel
dc.contributor.authorKuhl, Julius
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:01:20Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:01:20Z-
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.issn01467239
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/4903-
dc.description.abstractThis study investigates explicit -implicit motive discrepancies and their effect on well-being. Participants were 382 executive managers (107 females and 275 males). Female managers had higher explicit affiliation scores than males, whereas male managers had marginally significant higher explicit power scores than females. Males and females did not differ in their implicit motives. We expected a directional discrepancy on the power motive (explicit vs. implicit: ``Striving for goals without gaining pleasure from doing so'') to predict impaired well-being. Results were consistent with this hypothesis, using polynomial regression analysis with response surface methods, instead of calculating motive difference scores. Discrepancies in the achievement and affiliation motives were not related to well-being. Results are discussed considering the specificity of motive discrepancies for selected groups, such as managers, and the importance of distinguishing between absolute versus directional motive discrepancy scores in motivation research.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS
dc.relation.ispartofMOTIVATION AND EMOTION
dc.subjectACHIEVEMENT MOTIVES
dc.subjectBEHAVIOR
dc.subjectCONGRUENCE
dc.subjectCRITIQUE
dc.subjectDirectional motive discrepancy
dc.subjectExplicit motives
dc.subjectImplicit motives
dc.subjectManagers
dc.subjectMOTIVATION
dc.subjectNEED
dc.subjectPERSONAL GOALS
dc.subjectPolynomial regression
dc.subjectPower motivation
dc.subjectPREDICTORS
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectPsychology, Experimental
dc.subjectPsychology, Social
dc.subjectWell-being
dc.subjectWOMEN
dc.titleDirectional discrepancy between implicit and explicit power motives is related to well-being among managers
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11031-011-9219-8
dc.identifier.isiISI:000294733700007
dc.description.volume35
dc.description.issue3, SI
dc.description.startpage317
dc.description.endpage327
dc.identifier.eissn15736644
dc.publisher.place233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationMotiv. Emot.
crisitem.author.netidKuJu540-
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