Methodological considerations of applying a TAT-type picture-story test in cross-cultural research - A comparison of German and Zambian adolescents

Autor(en): Hofer, J
Chasiotis, A
Stichwörter: cross-cultural research; cue strength; FANTASY NEED ACHIEVEMENT; IMPLICIT MOTIVES; item and method bias; MOTIVATION; picture cues; Psychology; Psychology, Social; RELIABILITY; SELF; SOCIAL MOTIVES; Thematic Apperception Test; VALIDATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2004
Herausgeber: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Journal: JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY
Volumen: 35
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 224
Seitenende: 241
Zusammenfassung: 
This article examines problems associated with the selection and use of picture cues to assess data on implicit motives in cross-cultural research. A TAT-type picture-story test was administered to 121 Gwembe Tonga adolescents in Zambia. The stories were coded following Winter's scoring system. The cue strength of each of the five picture stimuli in Zambia was identified and compared to findings on cue strength in a German student sample. Cue strengths differed markedly in both samples. Analyses on differential item functioning (item bias) showed that cross-cultural comparisons on motive strengths are not advisable. In further analyses, the influence of Zambian participants' educational level and written language on the stimulus pull of the picture cues was verified. Consequences of the validity of the findings on motive strength and some possible guidelines for future cross-cultural research are discussed.
ISSN: 00220221
DOI: 10.1177/0022022103262246

Show full item record

Page view(s)

1
Last Week
0
Last month
1
checked on Feb 21, 2024

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric