Exposure assessment of environmental organic chemicals at contaminated sites: a multicompartment modelling approach

Autor(en): Matthies, M
Stichwörter: BUTYL ETHER MTBE; contaminated soil and groundwater; ingestion; irrigation; MTBE; Toxicology; URBAN; vegetables
Erscheinungsdatum: 2003
Volumen: 140
Ausgabe: SI
Startseite: 367
Seitenende: 377
For the prevention of future damages from chemicals at large contaminated sites, all transfer pathways leading to the exposure of man and vulnerable ecosystems have to be taken into account. For organic contaminants, the uptake into vegetation is the major entry route for the transfer into the food chains. Lipophilic substances are taken up by roots but are not translocated with the transpiration stream. Atmospheric background concentrations have a significant impact on foliage contamination due to the effective gaseous and particle deposition. Vegetables can also be contaminated after irrigation with contaminated water supplied by groundwater wells. By means of a multicompartment model, the various uptake processes into roots and foliage as well as the transformation and translocation processes are described and the concentration pattern resulting from daily irrigation with methyl-t-butyl ether in the edible parts is simulated. The results demonstrate the advantage of a dynamic multicompartment model over the static environmental quality standard approach in terms of derivation of possible exposure reduction measures for organic chemicals. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
40th Congress of the European-Societies-of-Toxicology, BUDAPEST, HUNGARY, SEP 15-18, 2002
ISSN: 03784274
DOI: 10.1016/S0378-4274(03)00033-X

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