Evaluation of the low-lying energy spectrum of magnetic Keplerate molecules using the density-matrix renormalization group technique

Autor(en): Exler, M
Schnack, J 
Stichwörter: CHAIN; DYNAMICS; HEISENBERG; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; MODEL; Physics; Physics, Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter; STATE; WHEEL
Erscheinungsdatum: 2003
Volumen: 67
Ausgabe: 9
We apply the density-matrix renormalization-group (DMRG) technique to magnetic molecules in order to evaluate the low-lying energy spectrum. In particular, we investigate the giant Keplerate molecule {Mo72Fe30} [A. Muller Angew Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 38, 3238 (1999)], where 30 Fe3+ ions (spins 5/2) occupy the sites of an icosidodecahedron and interact via nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic Heisenberg exchange. The aim of our investigation is to verify the applicability and feasibility of DMRG calculations for complex magnetic molecules. To this end we first use a fictitious molecule with the same structure as {Mo72Fe30} but with spins 1/2 as a test system. Here we investigate the accuracy of our DMRG implementation in comparison to numerically exact results [J. Schnack , Eur. Phys. J. B 24, 475 (2001)]. Then we apply the algorithm to {Mo72Fe30} and calculate an approximation of the lowest-energy levels in the subspaces of total magnetic quantum number. The results prove the existence of a lowest rotational band, which was predicted in J. Schnack , Europhys. Lett. 56, 863 (2001).
ISSN: 24699950
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.67.094440

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