Oxygen vacancies in BaTiO3

Autor(en): Scharfschwerdt, R
Mazur, A
Schirmer, OF
Hesse, H
Mendricks, S
Stichwörter: DEFECT; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; OXIDES; Physics; Physics, Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter
Erscheinungsdatum: 1996
Herausgeber: AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOC
Journal: PHYSICAL REVIEW B
Volumen: 54
Ausgabe: 21
Startseite: 15284
Seitenende: 15290
Zusammenfassung: 
Using electron paramagnetic resonance two types of Ti3+-related centers are identified in BaTiO3, which are attributed to Ti3+-V-O and to Ti3+-V-O associated with Na or K, respectively. This assignment is based on the chemical and illumination conditions leading to the detection of the defects. It is furthermore supported by the Ti hyperfine structure, resolved for Ti3+-V-O-Na(K). The symmetry of the centers is broken in the sense that an electron is localized near one of the two equivalent Ti4+ ions next to V-O. Also the observed Ti hyperfine structure points to electron capture at one Ti site. The V-O-type centers are contrasted to isolated Ti3+, representing a free small polaron in crystals containing Nb5+ and no oxygen vacancies. The participation of the V-O centers in photochromic processes in BaTiO3 is studied. In crystals doped with Na or K an optical absorption precursor of the fundamental absorption is identified and attributed to the creation of ail exciton bound to the V-O-Na(K) complex.
ISSN: 01631829
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.54.15284

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