Spin systems with dimerized ground states

Autor(en): Schmidt, HJ
Stichwörter: 2 DIMENSIONS; CHAIN; MODEL; NEAREST-NEIGHBOR INTERACTION; Physics; Physics, Mathematical; Physics, Multidisciplinary
Erscheinungsdatum: 2005
Herausgeber: IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Journal: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND GENERAL
Volumen: 38
Ausgabe: 10
Startseite: 2123
Seitenende: 2143
Zusammenfassung: 
In view of the numerous examples in the literature I attempt to outline a theory of Heisenberg spin systems possessing dimerized ground states ('DGS systems') which comprises all known examples. Whereas classical DGS systems can be completely characterized, it was only possible to provide necessary or sufficient conditions for the quantum case. First, for all DGS systems the interaction between the dimers must be balanced in a certain sense. Moreover, one can identify four special classes of DGS systems: (i) uniform pyramids, (ii) systems close to isolated dimer systems, (iii) classical DGS systems, and (iv), in the case of s = 1/2, systems of two dimers satisfying four inequalities. Geometrically, the set of all DGS systems may be visualized as a convex cone in the linear space of all exchange constants. Hence one can generate new examples of DGS systems by positive linear combinations of examples from the above four classes.
ISSN: 03054470
DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/38/10/005

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