Sexual behaviour in Euplotes raikovi is accompanied by pheromone-induced modifications of ionic currents

Autor(en): Stock, C
Kruppel, T
Key, G 
Lueken, W
Stichwörter: Biology; CALCIUM CURRENT; CILIARY ACTIVITY; ciliary reversal; ciliate; DEPOLARIZATION; DIDINIUM; Euplotes raikovi; EXOCYTOSIS; HYPERPOLARIZATION; K+ current; Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics; membrane potential; NA-CURRENT; PARAMECIUM CELLS; side-stepping reaction; STORES; VANNUS; voltage-dependent Ca2+ current
Erscheinungsdatum: 1999
Herausgeber: COMPANY OF BIOLOGISTS LTD
Journal: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY
Volumen: 202
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 475
Seitenende: 483
Zusammenfassung: 
In the marine ciliate Euplotes raikovi, pheromone released by a complementary mating type (nonself pheromone) induces typical sexual behaviour, whereas self pheromone released by the same mating type generally has no effect. Nonself pheromone evokes a reduction of the mean walking speed by 66 %, a threefold increase in the frequency and duration of long-lasting rest phases and a doubling in the number of side-stepping reactions. Consequently, translocation is strongly reduced and the cells remain in a small area. This could increase the probability of finding a sexual partner for pair formation (conjugation), The usual pattern of rhythmic, spontaneous depolarizations controlling the walking rhythm is absent in nonself-pheromone-stimulated cells. The remaining depolarizations arise from a 4 mV hyperpolarized membrane potential and do not reach the usual amplitudes of 15-20 mV but only of 6-10 mV, In addition, the amplitudes of K+ currents are increased at depolarizations of more than 20 mV by at least 30 %. Hyperpolarization- and depolarization-activated Na+ current amplitudes are increased, whereas the Ca2+ current amplitude remains nearly unaffected.
ISSN: 00220949

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