STUDIES OF POLYELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS .1. COUNTERION CONDENSATION BY POLY(STYRENE SULFONATE)

Autor(en): NORDMEIER, E
DAUWE, W
Stichwörter: CATIONS; COUNTERION CONDENSATION; DIALYSIS EQUILIBRIUM; DIVALENT METAL-IONS; MIXTURES; POLY(STYRENE SULFONATE); POLY-ELECTROLYTES; POLYELECTROLYTE; Polymer Science; SITE-BINDING; SODIUM-CHLORIDE; SYSTEMS
Erscheinungsdatum: 1991
Herausgeber: SOC POLYMER SCIENCE JAPAN
Journal: POLYMER JOURNAL
Volumen: 23
Ausgabe: 11
Startseite: 1297
Seitenende: 1305
Zusammenfassung: 
Polyion-counterion interactions of poly(styrene sulfonate) have been studied in the mixed electrolyte systems Pb2+/H+/NO3- and Pb2+/Na+/NO3- at various ionic strengths, I. polyion concentrations, c(p), and temperatures, T, utilizing the dialysis equilibrium technique. The degrees of condensation. Theta-1, and theta-2, obtained for the uni- and divalent counterions are compared with those predicted by the two-variable theory of Manning. It is found that the decrease (increase) in theta-2 (theta-1) observed with increasing ionic strength at fixed Pb2+- and polyion concentration is very well predicted by this theory. The extent of Pb2+-ion binding is largest for the Pb2+/H+ counterion combination, and lowest for the Pb2+/Na+ combination. In both cases the binding of one Pb2+-ion releases close to two univalent counterions. A polyion concentration dependence of theta-1 and theta-2, on the other hand, could not be found at all. The reason may be, that the ionic strength of 0.01 mol l-1 used is too low. At fixed I, c(p) and C(Pb)2+, theta-1 and theta-2 decrease slightly as the temperature increases. According to the two-variable theory, theta-1 and theta-2 are independent of T. Agreement between theory and experiment can be achieved if b(brut), the brut (rough) average linear charge separation on the polyion, is an increasing function of the temperature.
ISSN: 00323896
DOI: 10.1295/polymj.23.1297

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