Immunolocalization of chitin synthase in the tobacco hornworm

Autor(en): Zimoch, L
Merzendorfer, H 
Stichwörter: BRUSH-BORDER MEMBRANE; Cell Biology; chitin; chitin synthase; LARVAL MIDGUT; Manduca sexta; MANDUCA-SEXTA; midgut; ORGANIZATION; peritrophic membrane; PERITROPHIC MEMBRANES; PURIFICATION; RECEPTOR; SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE; SEQUENCE; SYNTHETASE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2002
Herausgeber: SPRINGER
Journal: CELL AND TISSUE RESEARCH
Volumen: 308
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 287
Seitenende: 297
Zusammenfassung: 
To start investigation of chitin synthesis and peritrophic membrane formation in the midgut of Manduca sexta, we have cloned a cDNA fragment encoding chitin synthase. Northern blots with a corresponding RNA probe revealed a single transcript of 4.7 kb, which was most prominent in poly(A) RNA isolated from the anterior and median midgut as well as from tracheal cells. In situ hybridization showed that the amount of chitin synthase transcripts in the cytoplasm of columnar cells decreased from the anterior to the posterior midgut. Moreover, in the anterior midgut they were localized in the apical region of columnar cells. Southern blots suggested more than one gene locus for chitin synthase in the Manduca genome. To analyze the distribution of chitin synthases on the protein level, we expressed a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fragment of 119 amino acids in Escherichia coli and generated polyclonal antibodies to the purified recombinant protein. In immunoblots of crude extracts derived from the anterior midgut as well as from partially purified brush border membranes of columnar cells the affinity-purified anti-chitin synthase antiserum labeled a single protein with an apparent molecular mass of 150-200 kDa. Immunohistochemistry showed intense labeling in midgut brush border membranes. Immunofluorescence was restricted to the apical ends of microvilli. Apical membranes of salivary glands and tracheal cells were labeled as well, but not those of Malpighian tubules. This is the first time that chitin synthase expression has been visualized in insect tissues on the level of proteins.
ISSN: 0302766X
DOI: 10.1007/s00441-002-0546-7

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