ORGANOPHOSPHATE SENSITIVE AND INSENSITIVE CARBOXYLESTERASES IN HUMAN SKIN

Autor(en): HEYMANN, E
HOPPE, W
KRUSSELMANN, A
TSCHOETSCHEL, C
Stichwörter: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; BIS(4-NITROPHENYL) PHOSPHATE; CARBOXYLESTERASES; HUMAN SKIN; LIVER; PARAOXON; Pharmacology & Pharmacy; Toxicology
Erscheinungsdatum: 1993
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER SCI IRELAND LTD
Journal: CHEMICO-BIOLOGICAL INTERACTIONS
Volumen: 87
Ausgabe: 1-3
Startseite: 217
Seitenende: 226
Zusammenfassung: 
The influence of paraoxon and bis(4-nitrophenyl)phosphate (BNPP) on carboxylesterases of human skin is assayed. Both organophosphates have frequently been used as inhibitors of carboxylesterases of the B-esterase type. Homogenates from carefully washed skin have no paraoxon-cleaving activity and very little phosphodiesterase activity with BNPP. However, a number of skin enzymes are irreversibly inhibited by these compounds. Three zones of carboxylesterase bands can be detected in the soluble fraction of skin homogenate by isoelectric focusing. One zone containing 5 esterase bands in the pI-range of 6.7-7.0 and another zone at pI 4.9 are insensitive to organophosphate inhibition. The zone with the main esterase activities contains at least 6 bands in the range of pI 5.7-6.2. All of these are quickly and completely inhibited by paraoxon. The complex inhibition kinetics with BNPP and observations with differing substrates point to a functional heterogeneity. The esterases with pI-values in the range of 5.7 to 6.2 and the esterase with pI 4.9 can be enriched using anion exchange chromatography and FPLC. From the data presented here it is concluded that human skin contains at least four different carboxylesterases which act on simple aromatic esters.
Beschreibung: 
2ND INTERNATIONAL MEETING ON ESTERASES INTERACTING WITH ORGANOPHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS, SALSOMAGGIORE, ITALY, APR 21-24, 1992
ISSN: 00092797
DOI: 10.1016/0009-2797(93)90045-Z

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