Transient fluctuation theorem in closed quantum systems

Autor(en): Bartsch, C.
Gemmer, J. 
Stichwörter: ENTROPY; FOUNDATIONS; FREE-ENERGY DIFFERENCES; Physics; Physics, Multidisciplinary; STATISTICAL-MECHANICS; STEADY-STATES
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Herausgeber: EPL ASSOCIATION, EUROPEAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY
Journal: EPL
Volumen: 96
Ausgabe: 6
Zusammenfassung: 
Our point of departure are the unitary dynamics of closed quantum systems as generated from the Schrodinger equation. We focus on a class of quantum models that typically exhibit roughly exponential relaxation of some observable within this framework. Furthermore, we focus on pure state evolutions. An entropy in accord with Jaynes principle is defined on the basis of the quantum expectation value of the above observable. It is demonstrated that the resulting deterministic entropy dynamics are in a sense in accord with a transient fluctuation theorem. Moreover, we demonstrate that the dynamics of the expectation value are describable in terms of an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. These findings are demonstrated numerically and supported by analytical considerations based on quantum typicality. Copyright (C) EPLA, 2011
ISSN: 02955075
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/96/60008

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