Chloroplast DNA variation and biogeography in the genus Rorippa Scop. (Brassicaceae)

Autor(en): Bleeker, W
Weber-Sparenberg, C
Hurka, H
Stichwörter: CARDAMINE; CONSEQUENCES; CRUCIFERAE; disjunction; EVOLUTION; long-distance dispersal; MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS; NEW-ZEALAND; PHYLOGENY; phylogeny.; phylogeography; Plant Sciences
Erscheinungsdatum: 2002
Herausgeber: WILEY
Volumen: 4
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 104
Seitenende: 111
Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of 25 Rorippa species were studied using sequences of two non-coding regions of chloroplast DNA (trnL intron, trnL/F spacer). Our results indicate a close relationship between European (R. islondica ssp. islandica, R. pyrenaica) and North American (R. curvipes, R. sinuata) mountain species. The polyploid European lowland species R. amphibia, R. palustris and R. sylvestris are much younger than the mountain species and have their closest relatives in western Asia and Siberia. Different colonization routes of the southern hemisphere are discussed for Rorippa. Australasia was colonized at least twice, most likely via the Malayan route. A molecular clock approach dates the first colonization to the end of Pliocene or early Pleistocene. R. gigantea reached Australia later in the Pleistocene. Our data provide evidence for an amphitropical disjunction between the South American (R. philippiana) and North American (R. curvisiliqua) species. Long-distance dispersal via migrating birds is the most likely explanation for this intercontinental disjunction. Two of the analysed African species (R. nudiuscula, R. madagascariensis) have their closest relative (R. austriaca) in eastern Europe and western Asia. The lack of sequence divergence among these species indicates a colonization event probably not earlier than 100 000 years ago.
ISSN: 14358603
DOI: 10.1055/s-2002-20442

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