The formation of Cu2S from the elements II. Copper used in form of foils

Autor(en): Blachnik, R
Muller, A
Stichwörter: CHALCOCITE; Chemistry; Chemistry, Analytical; Chemistry, Physical; copper; copper sulfide; DIFFUSION; reactivity; solid state reaction; SPECTROSCOPY; SULFIDES; sulfur; TEMPERATURE PHASES; Thermodynamics; X-RAY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2001
Volumen: 366
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 47
Seitenende: 59
The synthesis of Cu2S from copper foils embedded in sulfur has been studied by DTA from 25 to 600 degreesC with a heating rate of 10 K/min. The educts and products were characterized by microscopic, microprobe and X-ray measurements. Two main reactions take place: one immediately after melting of sulfur and the other above 300 degreesC. During the first reaction a non-uniform layer containing CuS, Cu1.1S, Cu2-xS with gaps is observed. Its copper content increases from outside to inside. After the first main effect the reaction stops due to a removal of the layer from the foil. Therefore, diffusion of copper vacancies is hindered. Starting with the second main effect, the reaction mechanism changes because Cu2-xS decomposes into copper and gaseous sulfur, which then reacts with the foil. This leads to a dense outside layer and a porous layer around the foil. Both consist of Cu2-xS. In direct contact with liquid or solid sulfur always CuS or Cu1.1S is formed whereas in contact with gaseous sulfur at first Cu2-xS appears. After the reaction either a cavity surrounded by a dense layer or a dense layer on an inner porous layer are produced which probably depends on geometry and size of the copper sample. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00406031
DOI: 10.1016/S0040-6031(00)00711-5

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