Kinesis in Euplotes vannus - Ethological and electrophysiological characteristics of chemosensory behavior

Autor(en): Stock, C
Kruppel, T
Lueken, W
Stichwörter: CHEMOTAXIS; ciliate; CILIATED PROTOZOA; CILIOPHORA; CONJUGATION; CRASSUS; EUKARYOTIC MICROORGANISMS; K+ current; membrane potential; Microbiology; PARAMECIUM-CAUDATUM; RESPONSES; side-stepping reaction; TETRAHYMENA; TRANSDUCTION
Erscheinungsdatum: 1997
Herausgeber: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Journal: JOURNAL OF EUKARYOTIC MICROBIOLOGY
Volumen: 44
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 427
Seitenende: 433
Zusammenfassung: 
Equally dispersed Euplotes vannus cells accumulate inside a drop of supernatant of a bacteria suspension that is surrounded by a reference solution. In the drop, frequencies of stops and backward jerks are tenfold increased. The sequences of directional changes and translocations prevent cells from leaving the chemostimulant region, as if they were trapped. This behavior is quickly induced after casual arrival in the drop and nor by chemotactic influence over a larger distance. With intracellular recordings, we have found a K+ conductance decrease in chemically stimulated cells that prolongs the duration of spontaneously occurring depolarizations to 600-1,700 ms by delaying repolarization. The freely fluctuating membrane potential shifts to more depolarized levels, although the total potential range is expanded in the positive and negative direction by 5.5 and 3.8 mV, respectively. Chemosensory behavior is explained and discussed with respect to these electrophysiological events.
ISSN: 10665234
DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.1997.tb05719.x

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