ULTRASTRUCTURAL INVESTIGATIONS OF PRESUMED PHOTORECEPTIVE ORGANS IN 2 SACCOCIRRUS SPECIES (POLYCHAETA, SACCOCIRRIDAE)
|Anatomy & Morphology; ANNELIDA; ARCHIANNELIDA; EVOLUTIONARY SIGNIFICANCE; EYES; FINE-STRUCTURE; HOKKAIDO; NEREIS-LIMNICOLA; NERVOUS-SYSTEM; PHYLOGENETIC-RELATIONSHIPS; PROTODRILOIDES
|JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY
In addition to the pigmented ocelli, four different types of photoreceptor-like organs without shading pigment have been found in Sacco-cirrus papillocercus and S. krusadensis. The sensory cells of these presumed ocelli are either ciliary or rhabdomeric with ciliary rudiments. With the exception of the multicellular type-2 ocelli they are bicellular consisting of a sensory cell and a supportive cell. In each ocellus the supportive cell forms a thin cup-shaped envelope around the sensory elements. In the type-2 ocellus, 7 supportive cells form an ovoid cavity leaving openings through which dendritic processes of an equal number of sensory cells enter the cavity. The pigmented ocelli possess an ocellar cavity communicating with the exterior through a pore in the eyecup, ciliary rudiments in both sensory and supportive cell, and additional non-photoreceptive sensory cells in the opening of the eyecup. The sensory organs show characteristic differences between the two species, such as presence or absence of a particular type of ocellus (type 2 is absent in S. krusadensis, type 3 in S. papillocercus), number of cilia in type-4 ocelli, density of microvilli, number of non-photoreceptive sensory cells in the pore of the pigmented ocellus, etc. These differences provide important characters which can be used for discrimination either of species or of subgeneric taxa in Saccocirrus. The phylogenetic significance of the different photoreceptive organs is discussed.
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